Languages CHANGE. cacahuacuahuitl; tlālcacahuatl; Descendants The letters “l,” “n” and “m” are pronounced essentially like their Spanish and English equivalents. No more than 2 consecutive consonants mid-word (nān-tli) [remember that tl, hu, uh, cu, uc, tz all count as single consonants] 4. document.write(zdate), Nahuatl was the administrative language of the Aztec empire and was easily the most influential and widespread of the languages encounted by the Spanish when they began to colonize Central America. The only Nahuatl vowels are A, E, I, and O, although each of them can be long or short. C is pronounced /s/ before “e” and “i.” Z is used before “a” and “o” or at the end of a syllable for /s/. A LOT. Or rather, I found a good one online that’s consistent with what the best modern dictionaries are using. Tiquechpiloa (you hang your head)Tiquechpiloah (we hang our heads). zohuatl: zohuatl (Classical Nahuatl) Noun zohuatl Alternative spelling of cihuatl. “Calli” ( house) should be pronounced “cal-li.”. Nahuatl is still spoken in parts of Mexico, mostly in the south central region around Mexico city, and many spoken dialects have been distinguished. Spelling & Pronunciation of Classical Nahuatl Words. Which brings us to the /w/ sound. It is pronounced hard before a, o, … Those who study/speak Nahuatl understand that there’s no “u” vowel, but others will understandably end up pronouncing these three letters like “coo” in English. Here you can learn the language that was spoken by the Aztecs in the valley of Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest and during the subsequent centuries, which has survived through a multitude of written sources written by Nahuas and Spaniards. This page is focused on the "Classical" language represented in texts preserved from the period just after the Spanish brought a writing system to Nahuatl speakers. H without an adjacent U represents a "silent" glottal stop (as in "go_over" or "uh_oh"); in modern Nahuatl it sometimes has a sound similar to an English H and may have had that value in some dialects of Classical Nahuatl as well. Now, CONFUSINGLY, the weird spelling of UC is often replaced with …. Because the spelling of Nahuatl was originally based on spelling conventions in XVIth-century Spanish, Nahuatl texts are generally "pronounced like Spanish," with the following exceptions and points to note: However over the centuries there has been considerable instability in the spelling of Nahuatl. English vowels before a voiced consonant are lengthened, so it helps to think of the following words (Nahuatl vowels are a tad longer): ā = /a:/ (Odd, US pronunciation)ē = /e:/ (bEd)ī = /i:/ (fEEd)ō = /o:/ (bOde w/o rounding of lips). So “quēmmach quichīhua” (how the heck does she do it) is pronounced [ke:m-mach ki-CHI:-wa]. Welcome to the Classical Nahuatl Wikibook. You read that correctly. Classical Nahuatl as a topic of phonology, syntax, and lexicon is an immense subject. When you see TWO els together (-ll-), pronounce both. Many would agree that the pronunciation of the Mexica words is complicated. Within a word or at the boundary between words, it’s a softer, aspirated pause, like the dash in “re-enter” or “co-opt.” (As a result, it has become /h/ in many modern Nahuan languages). A consonant between two vowels forms a syllable with the second vowel (so “ma-ca” not “mac-a”)2. The classical Nahuatl was the lingua franca of not just Aztec empire, but most of the Mesoamerica from the 7th century until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. In my “Mexican X” articles, I’ve talked a lot about the pronunciation of “x” in Medieval Spanish and in Classical Nahuatl. The page features a pronunciation guide, Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. Longer titles found: Classical Nahuatl grammar () searching for Classical Nahuatl 63 found (195 total) alternate case: classical Nahuatl Tuesday (1,361 words) no match in snippet view article find links to article Tuesday … (The other major language of this area was a group of dialects collectively called Maya.). However a common trend in Nahuatl is to place emphasis on the second to last syllable of any given word. 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